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Cultural Relativism in Philosophy
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This 6 page paper explores the issue of cultural relativism in the context of arguments made by Aristotle and St. Thomas Aquinas. Many examples are provided. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: SA014Cul.wps

Aristotle's 'Nicomachean Ethics'
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A 5 page paper discussing Aristotle's 'Nicomachean Ethics' and addressing the issue of human good in Book I, the 'doctrine of the mean' in Book II, and 'phronesis' in Book III. Bibliography lists only Nicomachean Ethics as a source.
Filename: Arinic.wps

HIV Disclosure: Medical Ethics
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A 5 page paper discussing medical ethics in terms of Kant, Aristotle and Mill. The paper examines the responsibility of an HIV-infected surgeon to inform his patients of his condition, and also the responsibility of the HIV-infected patient to disclose medical status. It concludes that while the doctor is under no obligation to discontinue his practice of medicine, he is still responsible for making full disclosure to the patient. Conversely, the HIV-infected patient carries no such obligation, for it is the surgeon's responsibility to discover all facets of his patients' health. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: KSethHIV.wps

Kant's Moral Law And Mill's Utilitarianism
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A 5 page paper discussing beginning differences in Kant's and Aristotle's views of the individual's rights and whether those of the individual are higher than those of the state in which he lives. Kant maintains that the rights of the state overrides those of the individual; Aristotle's view is that the highest rights are those of the individual. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: Kantari.wps

Adultery / A Kantian Perspective
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A 7 page paper positing that desire is a mental construct, that curtailing desire is natural to human nature and is formulated by reasoning, that reasoning leads to both individual and community ethics based on moral principles established for the good of the community, and that obligation and duty of individuals within the community establish an ethical foundation for living within the community, therefore we can assume that Kant would support the theory that adultery is disallowed, and therefore unethical. Bibliography lists 4 supporting sources.
Filename: Kantadu.wps

Air Traffic Controllers Dismissal And Its Relation The Works Of Kant
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A 6 page paper discussing Kant's imperatives to government and the governed people as they relate to the firing of the Air Traffic Controllers by Ronald Reagan. The paper postulates that Reagan's decision was short-sighted, because his actions have potentially lead to that which he sought to prevent--a socialistic public labor pool. The paper discusses the affects of his decision in relationship to both the public and private sector, and how it may have resulted in the quiet revolution affecting the private sector. Although Kant specifies that altruistic citizens subject themselves to their sovereign, they must also police their sovereign, and therefore, the long-term results of Reagan's decision are in the hands of the people. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Controlr.wps

Ethical Theory / Kantian Perspective -- Abortion Is Not Always Wrong
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A 5 age paper arguing that abortion is not always wrong from the perspective of Immanuel Kant. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: Aborkant.wps

Immanuel Kant's 'Supreme Principle of Morality'
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This 6 page research paper examines the morality principle of German philosopher Immanuel Kant. Specifically discussed are the definition of this principle, its intention, and the necessary components to ensure this 'supreme morality.' Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Kantim.wps

Kant and Autonomy
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It is difficult to address any study of ethical behavior without addressing the work of Immanuel Kant. He addresses morality through the interpretation of autonomy. In The Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant defines the concept he calls 'categorical imperative'. He sets his thoughts within the parameters of the rights and duties inherent in the autonomy of man. This 8 page paper argues that autonomy is the utilization of the will inherent in the nature of the animal while free choice is the utilization of the a priori 'soul' that the religionists would say governs the higher thoughts of man in his relation to God. In this manner, Kant is in agreement with Stanley Jaki's representation of scientific history and philosophical rationality in the book, Angels, Apes, and Men. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: KTangels.wps

Kant on Morals
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Immanuel Kant was born in 1724 in Konigsberg, Germany. He is undeniably one of the most influential philosophers in the realm of moral and political thinking. In The Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant defines and elucidates the concept he calls 'categorical imperative'. Kant's philosophy deals with the ethical duties of the individual moral agent and bases his system upon principles of universality. This 5 page paper examines the Kantian concept of categorical imperative a it relates to the Universal law of freedom and it's applicability to the testing of maxims. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: KTkantmo.wps

Morality
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The subject of morality is addressed in this 6 page paper. Philosophers such as Kant and Epictetus are recognized as well as more contemporary views such as those of Carol Gilligan. The reason why man should behave morally is derived after looking at two basic divisions in thought. The concept of utilitarianism, and its applicability to the discussion, is included as well. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Morality.wps

Social Welfare & Kant / A Philosophical Perspective
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A 7 page paper that considers the philosophical question of societal and individual moral determinations of the welfare system. This paper demonstrates that the current welfare system is based on the moral and ethical choices of society and of the individual, and considers Kant's perspectives on moral obligations in its development. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Socialw.wps

The Case of Stella Liebeck and Tort Reform as Supported by the Works of Kant
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A 5 page paper that seeks to prove that Immanuel Kant would support both Stella Liebeck's case and Congress' subsequent tort reform laws, simply because they meet his altruism ideals for citizens and government under his laws of citizen duty to act under the laws and slow government reform. This paper claims that Kant would not support McDonald's egoism in retaining their hot coffee policy because of the number of complaints received prior to Liebeck's case--and also his 'mine and thine' policy on dual responsibility. Kant was a supporter of free-will as long as the individual agreed to avoid chaos by lending itself to government's laws, and a supporter of government as long as it made slow reforms that did not incite revolutionaries. Bibliography includes 6 sources .
Filename: Kantmc.wps

Deontology vs. Utilitarianism
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A 5 page paper that debates the differences between deontology and utilititarianism in terms of human services work and ethics. Bibliography lists 1 source.
Filename: Deontolo.wps

Ethics / Virtue vs. Utilitarianism
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A 6 page philosophy paper that argues in support of virtues over utilitarian treatment of relatives with a disabling disease such as Alzheimer's. The paper posits the requirements for the younger generations today and in the future, discusses the utilitarian ideal, and then argues against the application of the ideal to the instant case. Bibliography lists 14 sources.
Filename: Philalz.wps

Happiness, Utilitarianism, & the Electronic Reality
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This 2 page essay discusses the concept of the increase in happiness being the greatest outcome, according to the utilitarian, for an individual and how that then applies to happiness being obtained through electronic means. How would John Stuart Mill view the idea?
Filename: Haput.wps


The Philosophy Of Utilitarianism
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The slogan 'each should count for one and none should count for more than one', something Bentham used in defense of his philosophy, is explored in this 5 page paper. Both utilitarian and opposing views are considered. A division among utilitarianism is also included as are examples to illustrate arguments on both sides. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: Uti.wps

The Utilitarian Ideal Applied to Smoking
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A 4 page piece on how the utilitarian ideal, which states that individual rights must be given up for the greater good of all, has been applied to the recent anti-smoking agenda in America. The utilitarian images applied include: policy not backed by research, but applied in the case of children and public smoking in the case of adults; state class action suits and the tobacco settlements; and how the government is trying to incorporate utilitarian and individual freedoms under one umbrella. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Utilsmok.wps

Utilitarianism
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A 5 page paper discussing the relationship between utilitarianism and a specific quote from 'Warren Massacre' by Nagel. The line is examined, in detail, and is found to have many qualities that address the issue of utilitarianism. But the line also offers the reader a view into vague associations which possess the possibilities of being associated with other forms of thought as well. It is very much a line which is clearly open to interpretation and opinion. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Utinag.wps

Utilitarianism, Deontology And Abortion
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A 5 page paper discussing the rights of a mentally ill and institutionalized pregnant woman extends to refusing the abortion on which her mother is insisting. Mill's theory says that all involved must have some common ground of equality, but that equality is not possible for the pregnant woman because of her mental condition. The deontological approach indicates that the woman does indeed have a right to bear her child if she chooses. No bibliography.
Filename: Deonot.wps

The Ethics of Suicide
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A 5 page overview of the ethics of suicide plus a 1 page Roman Numeral Sentence Outline. Stresses that suicide is ethically wrong and presents views from ancient times and which have extended into contemporary religions which support that view. Presents the contention that those individuals with a strong religious background are less likely to attempt suicide than those individuals without that background. Encourages the incorporation of religious teachings into the counseling of suicidal patients. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: SuicEthi.wps

The Trial Of Sir Thomas More
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A 10 page research paper that examines the trial of Sir Thomas More. The writer argues that this trial represents one of the first instances in Western culture where an individual stood up for personal liberty and freedom of religion against the overwhelming authority of the state. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: Trialthm.wps

The Virtue of Thomas More as Depicted in 'A Man For All Seasons'
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A 2 page essay on Bolt's 'A Man For All Seasons' -- in which the writer marvels at Thomas More's displays of integrity. The conclusion is made that based upon actions depicted in this infamous work, it can indeed be said that More was a characteristically righteous man. No Bibliography.
Filename: Moreman.wps

The Virtue of Thomas More as Depicted in 'Man For All Seasons' # 2
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3 pages on Sir Thomas More's depiction in 'A Man For All Seasons.' Some of the primary concerns of this essay deal with More's predicament and moral dilemma. It is argued that he was indeed a man of great virtue who -- under the circumstances -- preserved his integrity. No Bibliography.
Filename: Moreman2.wps

The Practical Application of the Theories of Kant and Mill
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Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill are philosophers who addressed the issues of morality in terms of how moral traditions are formed. Kant's theory of categorical imperative states that humanity is of ultimate value and should be regarded as an end in itself. Mill's 'principle of utility' or 'the greatest happiness principle' sought for the systematic coherency of ethical philosophy through the consequences of actions as the consideration determining their morality, presupposed by the acquisition of happiness as opposed to the avoidance of pain. This 6 page paper examines the practical application of the two theories. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: KTpramak.wps

John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism / Equality And Impartiality In Chapter V
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A 5 page paper discussing the ending paragraphs of the work. Though Mills says that happiness is measurable and therefore useful for determining the state of equality between individuals, he does not specify how that measurement should be made. He shows that utilitarianism does not hold that all people are equal, for there clearly are instances in which they are not. That Mills takes such care to explain inequalities indicates that utilitarianism does not in itself either imply or guarantee equality among all, but it is, according to Mills, the basis of morality in that it leads to justice and to right actions. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Millutil.wps

Kant & John Stuart Mill / Terrorism and the Moral and Political Rationales
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This 5 page paper considers the issue of terrorism, first by relating how a terrorist might defend their actions using the arguments of Kant and the Utilitarian perspective of John Stuart Mill, then considers who a both a Kantian and Utilitarian opponent to terrorism might relate to this issue. This paper utilizes the text of Kant's Political Writings and arguments from Mill's Utilitarianism. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Kantmill.wps

The Philosophies of Kant and Mill
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Throughout time man has attempted to understand the motivations of moral conduct. The associations between the individual and the establishment of society have been the subject of numerous debates and discourses that included the primary consideration of moral or ethical beliefs in the instigation of laws and, or the ethical meaning of community. Immanuel Kant has presented one viewpoint in The Foundations Of The Metaphysics of Morals that is founded on his belief that the worth of man is inherent in his ability to reason. This 5 page paper asserts that John Stuart Mill holds another opinion as presented in the book, Utilitarianism that is seemingly at odds with the thoughts of Kant. No additional sources are listed.
Filename: KTmilknt.wps

John Stuart Mill &Jeremy Bentham / Two Comparable Views on Utilitarianism
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John Stuart Mill was raised in the shadow of the friendship between his father, James Mill, historian and philosopher, and Jeremy Bentham, at times a man considered to be one of the leading intellects of the 19th century. It is not surprising, then, that elements of their views on utilitarianism and their writings hold fundamental similarities, while also demonstrating the extension from the earlier perspectives of Bentham to the latter writings and developed ideas and postulates determined by John Stuart Mill. This 5 page paper compares and contrasts the views of these two philosophers, and evaluates the similarities as they distinguish the connection between the two. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: Millbent.wps

John Stuart Mill and Utilitarianism
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A 5 page paper that describes Mill's presentation of the principles of Utilitarianism, but also demonstrates Mill's particular concern for the essential nature of man's intellect. This paper recognizes the importance of Mill's considerations on a societal level as well as recognizing the personal considerations of each man. Bibliography includes 1 source.
Filename: Utalitarianism.wps

John Stuart Mill's Explanation As To Why Socrates Does Philosophy
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This 4 page essay discusses Socrates' 'Apology' and what John Stuart Mill would say was the reason Socrates 'did' philosophy. The essay covers the attitude and viewpoint of Mill as it would apply to Socrates. No sources cited.
Filename: Millsoc.wps

John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism
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A 5 page paper which discusses the implications of John Stuart Mill's assertion in Utilitarianism that, 'Pleasure and freedom from pain are the only things desirable as ends.' Specifically considered are the principles Mill developed in Chapters 2 and 4 which make this idea plausible and critically evaluations whether his arguments are successful. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: Jsmutil.wps

 

Mill & Comte/ On Morality
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A 5 page research paper that contrasts and compares the moral philosophy of Auguste Comte and John Stuart Mill. The writer argues that the nineteenth century was a turbulent time that witnessed how advances in scientific knowledge and the Industrial Revolution literally transformed the world. To many philosophers, such as Auguste Comte and John Stuart Mill, it appeared that new times called for new ways of thinking and that there was an urgent need for new institutions among human societies that would be better suited to the changing environment that they witnessed all around them. Citing their long correspondence, the writer further argues that their philosophies were very similar while noting on what areas they disagreed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: 90moral.wps

Mill & Marx / Comparison
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This 5 page paper compares John Stuart Mill's On Liberty essay with The Communist Manifesto written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Several ideas are explored including each theorist's view on freedom and individuality. Bibliography lists 2 sources
Filename: Marxmill.wps

On Liberty And Drugs
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A 5 page paper discussing drug usage in relationship to the ideas set forth by John Stuart Mill in his book 'On Liberty.' Mill stands strong in his beliefs that people should be allowed to essentially do as they please as long as it doesn't harm anyone else. Arguments discussed involve the legalization of drugs, and the further pursuit of drug enforcement. The notion addressed concerns whether or not Mill's ideas should be implemented in the field of drug policy. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: Liberdr.wps

Utilitarianism vs. Kant
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A 6 page paper on the theories of Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill. The writer gives an example of an ethical problem and describes what each philosopher would choose to do. Bibliography lists four supporting sources.
Filename: Kantutal.wps

Ethical Theory in Sports Journalism
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A 22 page paper discussing the philosophies underlying the solid and accepted principles of journalism, particularly as they relate to any sort of conflict of interest arising from simultaneous corporate ownership of reporting organizations and performing organizations. The paper discusses the philosophies of Kant, Mill, Aristotle and Rawls, relating them to the growing problems of such conflict of interest enabled in large part by the consolidation trend fueling mergers and acquisitions. The second and smaller section of the paper provides concrete example of the problems of subjectivity in reporting. It provides several examples of broadcast 'cheerleading' styles dating from as far back as the 1960s and examines the implications of the 1999 purchase by the corporate parent of the Dallas Morning News of a minor stake in Dallas' struggling rofessional basketball team, the Mavericks. Bibliography lists 17 sources.
Filename: KSjrnlEthics.wps

Nietzsche And Plato
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The tenets of Christianity have been built on a foundation derived, to a large part, from the philosophies of Plato. Nietzsche was vehemently opposed to Christianity, and by extension, to Plato's most basic of ideas. He thought that the emphasis on the transcendental nature depreciated the value of corporeal life and the innate potentials of man. Plato felt that the striving for perfection in man was directly attributable to the a priori nature of both ideas and moral 'good'. This 4 page paper sets the two philosophers and their philosophies in debate. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: KTnzhplt.wps

Friedrich Nietzsche and Plato
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This 5 page report discusses Nietzsche's criticisms of Plato and then what Plato's reaction would be to Nietzsche's theories and beliefs. Plato believes that good is an absolute. There is one vision or one conceptually agreed upon consciousness of good and it is applicable for all people regardless of circumstance. In contrast, Nietzsche believes in the relative nature of good. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: BWniplat.wps

Nietzsche And Christianity
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In the third essay in the Genealogy of Morals, Friedrich Nietzsche presents a discourse on Christianity. In his words: 'When one looks for the beginnings of Christianity in the Roman world, one finds associations for mutual discovery.' This 4 page paper examines Nietzsche's views on Christianity. No additional sources are listed.
Filename: KTnetzch.wps

Nietzsche's 'The Genealogy Of Morals'
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This 5 page paper analyzes the slave/master paradigm as contained in the first essay of this work. A discussion of how it relates to various relationships throughout history is included. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Geneal.wps

Nietzsche's 'The Genealogy Of Morals' # 2
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A 5 page essay summarizing and analyzing this work by Nietzsche, including his descriptions of good/evil vs. good/bad, the conscience, punishment and guilt.
Filename: Nietzsche.wps

Nietzsche's 'The Genealogy Of Morals' # 3
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This 5 page paper analyzes the third essay of the popular work. The essay addresses a variety of issues, including mental illness and religion, but the primary focus is on asceticism. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Moralg.wps

Nietzsche's 'The Genealogy Of Morals' / Democratic Prejudice of the Modern Age
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This 5 page research paper examines the term 'democratic prejudice' which is used by Friedrich Nietzsche in his 1887 treatise, The Genealogy of Morals. Specifically discussed are the concepts of master and slave; good and evil; and how language has been used to perpetuate prejudice throughout history. Bibliography lists 1 source.
Filename: Demmod.wps

Romero and Constable/ Two Views on Domestic Work
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A 6 page analysis of two works that addresses the situation of the minority domestic worker. 'Chicanas Modernize Domestic Service' by and Mary Romero and Nicole Constable in her book Maid to Order in Hong Kong, talk about the equities of power and control that typify the employer/employee relationship for domestic workers. No additional sources cited.
Filename: 90dmestc.wps

Christian Ethics & Collective Evil / Bonhoeffer and King
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A 15 page paper that provides an overview of the basic elements of Bonhoeffer and King's religious ethics and considers them in terms of the political and social issues of their day. Bibliography lists 10 sources.
Filename: Cevil.wps

Assisted Suicide
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This 5 page report discusses various ethical issues associated with assisted suicide. The debate has generally centered around both the moral and legal issues of the process. The central argument for assisted suicide is based on respect for the patients' autonomy. The main argument against assisted suicide is the belief in the inherent sacredness of life and that God only has the right to end one's life. The ethical questions surrounding the care of terminally ill patients often focus on when treatment should be withheld or withdrawn. A case study regarding a paralyzed but mentally competent adult, African-American man and a severely disabled newborn is also considered. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: BWasssui.wps

Hard Choices - The Controversy Surrounding Euthanasia
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A 5 page paper that examines court cases that have challenged the practice of euthanasia, or an individual's right to end one's own life when faced with terminal illness or a vegetative state. Focus is on two 1997 cases in particular, Cruzan v. Missouri Department of Health and Washington v. Glucksberg. Included are views held by those opposing the practice of euthanasia as well as views of proponents. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: LCChoice.doc

Ethics in Law
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This 5 page paper tackles three legal questions. One pertains to legal perternalism, another to sexual harassment and finally, the topic of assisting third world countries in cleaning up the environment is addressed. Both sides of each issue are explored. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: SA021LQ.wps

Friedrich Nietzsche and the Origins of Christianity
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This 5 page report discusses Nietzsche and his views about Christianity and its origins. Nietzsche was adamant in his assertions that Christianity was at the core of humanity's lack of individualism and blind willingness to be part of what he referred to as 'the herd.' Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: BWniet.wps

"Utilitarian Ethics" by Mills and "Kantianism Ethics" by Kant
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A 5 page paper which summarizes, compares and contrasts, and analyzes, for weaknesses, the two forms of ethical thought as presented by Mills and Kant. No additional sources cited.
Filename: RAmllknt.wps

"Your Work Matters to God"
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A 5 page paper which reacts to Doug Sherman and William Hendrick's book "Your Work Matters to God." No additional sources cited.
Filename: RAworkgod.wps

'In a Different Voice …'
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(5pp) Carol Gilligan is associate professor of education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. Her 1982 book, In a Different Voice, presents a theory of moral development which claims that women tend to think and speak in a different way than men when they confront ethical dilemmas. Gilligan contrasts a feminine ethic of care with a masculine ethic of justice.
Filename: BBdiffvoi.doc

'Why Should I be Moral?'
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A 4 page paper in which the writer uses August Comte as a pivotal philsopher to answer this question. Attitudes which appear negative to us in the 20th century are examined as well as those which may help us answer the posed queston. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: BBMoralRus.doc

A Manifesto for Acceptance
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A 5 page paper which presents a manifesto that urges for the acceptance of all people. This concept goes beyond mere equality, as it involves all races and cultures, and urges that we, as human beings, need to accept all people for who they are. No sources cited.
Filename: RAaccept.wps

Abortion
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A 10 page paper which discusses various aspects of both sides to the abortion issues. Both sides to the controversy are discussed, as well as current statistics, trends, and involvement in the abortion issues. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: RAaborfax.wps

Abortion: A Discussion on the Issues and Ethics
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This 7 page paper is a discussion the ethics and morals that surround abortion. Issues covered include the right to chose of the mother and when there the foetus should be protected as a separate life through to issues such as extermination on the aborted foetuses and the effect that the increase in abortion has had on adoptions. The paper is undertaken in a conversational manner as it reporting back on a fictitious discussion with a doctor who is on assignment to an abortion clinic. The MLA style bibliography cites 11 sources.
Filename: TEabortn.wps

Academic Dishonesty and MacIntyre's View of Virtue
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A 5 page essay on Alasdair MacIntyre's "After Virtue" and the application of his philosophy to academic dishonesty & ethics. The writer explains his views on emotivism, virtue, and the state of modern moral discourse. Bibliography lists one source.
Filename: MacInty.wps

Academic Integrity
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A 1 page essay on academic integrity, which is defined and discussed. Bibliography lists 1 source.
Filename: 99cheat.wps

Ageism
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An 18 page paper which argues that ageism affects the medical treatment received by the elderly in this country, and other countries as well. The paper presents information relating to how the elderly are treated as a whole, through the workplace, government, and society, which serves to help support the problems with ageism as it involves medical treatment. An abstract and outline. Bibliography lists 30 sources.
Filename: RAageism.wps

AIDS in the Workplace: Policy and Ethics
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An 8 page paper addressing organizational AIDS policy. AIDS continues to increase in the numbers of people infected with the HIV virus, and its action is so closely aligned with that of cancer that the two often are combined in research efforts. It still is warily viewed by many, however. Organizational policy is more closely guided by law, for AIDS comes under the protection of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Even so, formulation and implementation of policy still gives rise to questions of ethics. The paper includes a view of liberal philosophy as promoted by Rawls and Mill, concluding that policy should be weighted to favor the afflicted individual but also considering the needs of the organization within the law. Bibliography lists 11 sources.
Filename: KS-AIDSethics.wps

Albert Anastasia
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(5pp)As we begin a new century the life of Albert Anatasia sounds like something out of an Al Capone movie - and it is! Most stories of his life begin with his death: "Albert Anastasia, 'Lord High Executioner' of Murder, Inc., was rudely dispatched from his throne yesterday when two gunmen walked into the Park Sheraton Hotel, pumped four bullets into him as he sat in a barber chair and left him for dead. Thus did the gangster who beat the chair five times wind up his career of crime. "Daily News, Saturday, October 26, 1957. Bibliography lists 4 sources. sources follow text
Filename: BBalbrt.doc.

Alcoholics, Recovered Alcoholics, and Liver Transplants
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This 8 page report discusses whether or not alcoholics and recovered alcoholics should have an equal opportunity and access to liver transplantation. The simple and undeniable fact is that the number of people with liver disease and other related conditions who could significantly benefit from a liver transplant is far greater than the number of donor livers available. Therefore, difficult questions must be asked and criteria set to deal with it. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: BWlivalc.rtf

An Argument For Euthanasia
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This 5 page paper provides a supportive argument for euthanasia, arguing a number of important points regarding this issue. This paper argues elements like the impacts of modern medicine, the ethics of prolonging life and the problems related to the process of legalizing euthanasia. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: MHeuth3.wps

An Ethical Dilemma in the Work Place
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A 9 page paper which presents an ethical and moral dilemma within the work place. The paper presents an illustration of the dilemma, an identification and analysis of the dilemma and its components, and recommendations for solving the dilemma. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: RAjobdilma.wps

Animal Rights & Testing
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A 4 page paper providing an overview of ethical issues concerning animal rights & testing. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: Animalte.wps

Aristotle and Nicomachean Ethics
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A 4 page paper that considers the arguments of Book II Chapter 4 of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. In this section, Aristotle provides an argument to the dilemma that "man must first be good to create good acts." The writer provides an argument in support of the premises argued by Aristotle. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Nico.wps

Aspects of Morality in Vice and Virtue in Everyday Life
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An eight page paper which considers some of the topics of ethics and morality in Sommers’ and Sommers’ Vice and Virtue in Everyday Life, taking into account the philosophies of Kant, Nietzsche, Rand and Royce, and looking specifically at the conflict between altruism and ethical egoism in terms of the individual’s role within the community. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: JLsommers.wps

Betty Rollin/ "Last Wish"
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A 5 page summation and analysis of Betty Rollin's book "Last Wish." This book offers a narrative that relates the evolution of her mother's illness, from the diagnosis of cancer through to her assisted suicide. Rollin makes an eloquent argument to support the actions of herself and her family in supporting her mother actions. No additional sources cited.
Filename: 00lawish.wps

Bill Clinton: Motivation And Emotion Of His Behavior
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4 pages in length. The writer discusses the emotion and motivation of Bill Clinton's behavior by referring to Robert Franken's book "Human Motivation." Franken implies that human behavior can not be cast off so simply when what motivates people like Clinton is buried deep within the psyche. No additional sources cited.
Filename: TLCBClin.wps

Charles Taylor & The Ethics Of Authenticity
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An 8 page paper that provides an overview of Taylor's work. This paper supports Taylor's reflections of the process of the individual within society, especially as he reflects on the issues for an individual within our technologically and bureacratically advanced society. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Taylorc.wps

Charles Taylor's "The Ethics Of Authenticity": Modernity
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7 pages in length. Charles Taylor condones the notion of progress – it is just the residual effect that modernity creates that has him rather perturbed. In his book entitled "The Ethics Of Authenticity," Taylor weighs the quest of modernity to the fundamental aspects of being humane by questioning the very actions by which people have come to live their lives. The writer discusses how Taylor employs three malaises that effectively pose his concerns of a society gone awry from the influence of modernity: the comprehensive and far-reaching loss of meaning, the postulation that values have taken a back seat to personal conquest and the doubtful existence of a healthy self-government due to the presence of special-interest politics, with particular attention focuses on the first two. No additional sources cited.
Filename: TLCtylor.wps

Civil War in Liberia
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(8 pp) Who is Charles Taylor and what is he doing to Liberia? According to Sheer (2000), from 1990 to 1997, 30,000 to 60,000 armed fighters (10 percent of whom were under the age of 15) raped, stole, and killed their way across the country of what used to be 2.5 million people. Approximately 150,000 to 200,000 people were killed and 1.5million fled their homes. Civil warfare has been eating away at this African nation since 1989. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: BBLberia.doc

Classical Virtue Theory & Contemporary Human Behavior
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A 5 page paper that considers whether the ethics of classical virtue theory can be applied to contemporary human behaviors. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: Virtue.wps

Cloning: Contrasting Viewpoints
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A 5 page discussion of the societal retributions of human cloning. Illuminates the potentially positive impacts of cloning but weighs them against the more negative aspects such as the ethics of "making" children, the potential of the procedure only being within reach of the wealthy, and the problem of unauthorized use of the genetic material of another to meet one's own desires. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: PPclone.wps

Code Of Ethics: Comparing The American Society For Public Adminstration And The Society For Human Resource Management
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14 pages in length. Both the American Society for Public Administration and the Society for Human Resource Management strive to maintain the innate principles of ethical behavior throughout various entities of the world. Each has its own Code of Ethics by which all members are expected to abide, focusing upon the good that can come from any given group as long as they are all bound by the same ethical code. However, although both organizations stand by their individual quest for ethical behavior, there are some fundamental differences in the way in which each one goes about promoting and supporting its respective code. The writer compares ASPA to SHRM in relation to their respective Codes of Ethics. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: TLC_ASPA.wps

Computer Ethics
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This 5 page paper explores computer ethics in the workplace and why managers should study the subject. The difference between ordinary ethical dilemmas and those involving computers are discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: SA044Com.wps

Connections Between Ethics And Materialism
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A 5 page paper discussing the moral emptiness that accompanies materialism as a life goal. Certainly, there is no sin in material wealth, as there is no general corollary between poverty and integrity, wealth and dishonesty. But materialism as a way of life erodes ethics. We need to adopt the guidance of 'love people; use things.' Too often, the focus is reversed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: Ethmate.wps

Considering Organ Donation
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5 pages in length. When one considers the fact that a single individual can give life to more than seven people, it is astounding to think that anyone would not consider organ donation. However, there are those who cannot see past their own personal concerns, knowing full well that once they are dead, their organs are of no further use to them. Typically, when asked for a reason, the most common answers incorporate religion or fear, both of which carry with them heavy ethical motivation. The writer discusses the controversy behind organ donation, as well as addresses the views of Aristotle, Kant and Mill. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: TLCdonat.wps

Corporate Social Responsibility / CSR
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This 11 page paper investigates several aspects of corporate social responsibility beginning with what CSR means and when and where it began. From there, the writer discusses forms of CSR, with specific examples, awards for CSR, limits, enlightened self-interest and the obligations of the company to its stakeholders. Bibliography lists 9 sources.
Filename: PGcsr.wps

Disclosure of Hereditary Illness : A Look At How Genetic Testing Is Raising New Legal and Bioethical Questions
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19 pages in length. A thorough examination of issues concerning forced disclosure of genetic information and the right to privacy. Excellent for those studying genetics and/or medical ethics. Legal and ethical issues are mentioned. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: Genetic.wps

Dolphins And Personhood
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6 pages in length. For many, the concept of personhood is reserved strictly for humanity. However, that is a self-centered, arrogant concept that has no basis of fact. Dolphins possess many -- if not all -- of the qualifications that represent personhood; in fact, they are one of many within the nonhuman world who can be considered persons by its very definition. The writer addresses the concept of dolphins as persons, as well as sites examples of such. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Prsnhood.wps

Emotions: Relationship To Ethical And Aesthetic Perception
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6 pages in length. The extent to which one's emotions should be considered an important aspect of one's ethical and aesthetic judgments is such that without the inclusion of emotions, an individual's ethical and aesthetic judgments would be void of any humane consideration. There exist a great many philosophies by which people live their lives, which help to maintain order and a sense of direction that otherwise would merely drift in subconscious thought. Two of these fundamental principles are ethical relativism and ethical objectivism, which provide the concepts of how people incorporate ethical occurrences throughout their daily existence. An absence of emotions with regard to ethical and aesthetic perspective would render man's cognizance absent of any civilized consideration. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: TLCemosh.wps

Environmental Ethics in Business; An Article Review
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This 5 page paper considers the ethics of environmentalism and the lack of environmentalism concern in business. The paper consider this by looking at an article by in the Academy of Management Review by Ronald E. Purser, Changkil Park and Alfonso Montuori entitled ' Limits to anthropocentrism; toward an ecocentric organization paradigm'. This proposes two different models by which we may define a companies or individual behaviour and then goes on to discuses the various aspects of the models. The bibliography cites 6 sources.
Filename: TEantrop.wps

Ethical and Aesthetic Judgements; The Emotional Influence
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This 5 page paper considers the judgement process and discusses how the emotions may influence any judgement we make. The paper looks at both aesthetic judgements as well as ethical judgmental, citing examples to demonstrate the pints raised. The bibliography cites 4 sources.
Filename: TEethjud.wps

Ethical Considerations in a Medical Research Project
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This 5 page paper considers the appropriate ethical considerations for a medical research project concerning the use of specialised medical care workers and the impact on both patients and their families. The paper looks at the broad ethics as well as the more specific ethics relevant to this case. The bibliography cites 7 sources.
Filename: TEethicts.wps

Ethical Dilemmas & Human Services
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A 5 page paper that considers the complex ethical situations erupting for human services workers who interact with individuals and families in their work role, The writer provides an informative overview of how to address these issues. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Humans.wps

Ethical Dimensions & Considerations In Public-Speaking
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Recognizing that there is an ethical dimension to public speaking, one must assess the ethical impact of words upon a crowd. This is an important issue for democracies, where the quality of politics depends heavily on the quality of public discourse. In this 15 page research paper, an in-depth look at concerns over ethics, morals, religious statements etc; and their relevance to free speech rights are considered in light of the unique situation faced by public speakers. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: Publicsp.wps

Ethical Issues Of Cloning
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7 pages in length. The writer discusses the ethical concerns over cloning, including the supporting philosophies of Kantianism and utilitarianism. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: TLCcleth.wps

Ethical Land Use
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A 5 page overview of the changes in land use ethics experienced in this country since its settlement by Europeans. Discusses the current state of environmental permitting and gives examples of the problems which still exist. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: Landeth.wps

Ethics And Morality
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5 pages in length. What, if any, moral and ethical obligation is humanity under within the scope of existence? The writer discusses this topic with references to Kant, Scheler, Williams and DeBeauvoir. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: TLCethmr.wps

Ethics and Private Policing
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This 7 page report discusses the field of policing and the fact that in virtually all of its manifestations, police work has always had a certain moral obligation to ethical behavior and a meaningful code of ethics. Conventional state, federal, and municipal agencies, as well as the many private sector security services and public sector specialist agencies should operate with the greatest possible degree of integrity. The growth of the private security industry in the last two or three decades has become the subject of much discussion by social scientists, law enforcement specialists, elected officials, and the general public. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: BWethpol.wps

Ethics And The Clergy
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15 pages in length. Perhaps the most critical of all issues associated with the breach of any moral code is that of trust. When, for example, the pastoral post is occupied by one who asserts his vow of ethics and morality, it is expected that this pledge will be continually upheld throughout the entire term. If the congregation comes to learn that its religious leader has entered into unethical behavior, do they have reason to question his overall allegiance to the clergy? The answer is an unequivocal yes, for there is no separation between his private loyalty and his public loyalty; in the eyes of the public, any private betrayal equates to a collective deception. The writer discusses ethics as it relates to the clergy. Bibliography lists 11 sources.
Filename: TLCclrgy.wps

Ethics in Structural Engineering
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A 17 page paper discussing instances of building and other structure collapse in Asia in examining the ethics of design and construction of commercial buildings, bridges and other public structures. Technological advances have allowed the field of structural engineering to change dramatically in only the past few years, and engineers face more questions of ethics of choice than ever before. The paper discusses engineering organizations' codes of ethics before progressing to the philosophies of Kant (the categorical imperative) and Mill (the greater good) in providing a framework for decision making that can contribute to structures of greater integrity and safety. The paper uses examples from India, China and Japan. Bibliography lists 15 sources.
Filename: KSethicsEngr.wps

Ethics in the Movie "Witness"
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A 7 page essay that analyzes the movie "Witness" and applies to it various moral standards as discussed in several essays appearing in the anthology "Vice and Virtue" edited by Christine Sommers. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: khethwit.wps

Euthanasia and Applied Ethics
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A 4 page paper which discusses the concern of euthanasia as it involves applied ethics today. The essays examined are "Active and Passive Euthanasia" by James Rachels, "Buddhist Views of Suicide and Euthanasia" by Carl B. Becker, and "The Survival Lottery" by John Harris. No additional sources cited.
Filename: RAeutheth.wps

Euthanasia: Both Sides of the Controversy
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This 10 page paper takes a look at both sides of the euthanasia controversy. The discussion is concentrated on philosophical as well as practical concerns. Bibliography lists 12 sources.
Filename: SA105die.wps

Euthanasia: Should doctors intervene at the end of life?
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(6 pp) The most recent world issue (4/10/01) concerning this most sensitive subject is from April 10 of this year (2001), when The Hague in the Netherlands voted to legalize euthanasia. The seventy-five seat chamber of government, with one absence, voted 46 in favor and 28 opposed to the legislation, making it the first nation in the world to legalize euthanasia. But whether it is legal in one country or the world, the basic question still remains, "should" doctors intervene at the end of life? The word euthanasia according to the standard Webster is really made up of three words: gentle, easy, and death. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: BBeuthsa.doc

Euthanasia; The Moral Arguments;
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This 5 page paper looks at both sides of the argument regarding the use of euthanasia. The paper argues that it may be seen as allowing an individual the right and dignity to both live and die as they wanted, but also recognises and argues that there are both religions and social aspects which may be being ignored and require acknowledgement. The bibliography cites 7 sources.
Filename: TEeutmor.wps

Euthinsia in Australia
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This 5 page paper considers the legal status of euthanasia in Australia. The paper also makes references to alternate locations where euthanasia has retained a legal status in Holland and Oregon. The paper ends with the consideration of a case of 'assisted death' which was not prosecuted in Australia.
Filename: TEeutasu.wps

Freedom and Restraint
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(5 pp) Defining what we cannot see, but rather hold in our minds is not an easy thing to do, rather it involves a series of steps in thinking, and with each of those steps a new conclusion may be reached. We will use this very simple process to examine the ideas of freedom and restraint, as well as their relationship to each other, and to the concept of rules and regulations. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: BBfrerst.doc

Global Issues
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A 6 page paper which presents the writer's opinion on various global issues. Those issues are as follows: abortion, homosexuality, genetic engineering, divorce, family, euthanasia, deforestation, and DNA baby sex selection. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: RAglobal.wps

Hobbes, Aquinas And Plato: The Role Of Morality In Establishing An Obligation To Obey Law
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7 pages in length. Ever since the time when mankind required the inclusion of law as a means by which to settle disputes and create a more agreeable community, the issue of legal infiltration has been the subject of myriad dissatisfied individuals who believe that the implementation of law has been significantly more detrimental than beneficial. Others, however, contend that without the presence of law, human morality would not stand on its own as a deterrent to crime and otherwise unwanted social behavior. Thomas Hobbes, St. Thomas Aquinas and Plato postulated the issues surrounding the role of morality in establishing an obligation to obey law; from these three men, one can readily surmise that law most certainly has a place within society's civil framework. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: TLCmrllw.wps

How Stereotyping Leads to Discrimination in the Workplace
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A 5 page paper which discusses how stereotyping people by gender, sexual orientation, and age leads to at least some form of discrimination in the workplace. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: RAhowstre.wps

In The Name of Science - The Ethics of Biomedical Research
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A 6 page paper that explores the ethics of biomedical research, focusing on the key element of voluntary informed consent. Discussed are recent adverse events that have occurred in gene therapy research and the amendments and additions to federal regulations resulting from these events. Also included is a brief discussion of the history of the guidelines and regulations that safeguard human subject volunteers in medical and scientific research. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: LCBiomed.doc

Is Ethics in Business an Oxymoron?
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This 5 page paper considers the role of ethics and business. Looking to a diverse range of arguments, from philosophers such as Socrates and Aristotle to Kant, Mills and Rand as well as commentators in the role of business such as Friedman the paper discusses the way in which businesses may or may not be perceived as ethical and the role they should have in defining their own ethical behaviour. The bibliography cites 6 sources.
Filename: TEethics.wps

Kant and Mill on Euthanasia
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This 5 page paper provides an overview of the central views of Kant and Mill as they apply to perspectives on euthanasia, also known as assisted suicide. This paper considers the ethical reasons behind the use of euthanasia as they are defined by an understanding of Kant's Critique of Practical Reason and Mill's Utilitarianism. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: MHkanmil.wps

Law & Ethics / Not Always the Same Thing
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A 3 page essay discussing the differences between law and ethics. The case of Affirmative Action and the relevance of just laws are used to illustrate points made about law & ethics together. Law&Ethc.wps
Filename: Law&Ethc.wps

Looking at Bill Clinton through a Motivational Microscope
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(6pp) McClelland asserted that people acquired different needs over time as a result of life experiences. He identified three needs that affect motivation of individuals and organizations: "1. Need for Achievement - The desire to do something better or more efficiently to solve problems, or to grasp and solve complex problems. 2. Need for Affiliation - The desire to establish and maintain friendly and warm relations with others. 3. Need for Power - The desire to control others, to influence their behavior, or to be responsible for others." Bill Clinton is used as the case study for these motivational theories. Bibliography lists 3 sources. BBclintn.doc
Filename: BBclintn

Managed Health Care & Physician: Traditional legal fiduciary duty or limited duty of fidelity?
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(20pp) Managed health care has presented problems to both physician and patient. This discussion examines major issues and possible changes. Including analyzing the nature of the duty of physician -patent relationship between a traditional legal fiduciary duty and a limited duty of fidelity. Bibliography lists 11 sources.
Filename: BBmcoPhy.doc

Medical Ethics; To Test or Not to Test
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This 5 page paper considers the difficult situation of a child being the potential carrier of a fatal condition; Beta Thalassemia .The paper looks at the arguments for and against her being tested for this condition using both the utilitarian approach and the Kantian approach. The bibliography cites 2 sources.
Filename: TEmedeth.wps

Moral Consciousness: An Influence on Understanding of World Politics?
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An 8 page consideration of whether or moral consciousness imparts a better understanding of world politics. Contends that moral consciousness has distinct phases of development. In the early stages of this development it can be argued that it is shaped by those very factors of which we perceive it as standing in judgment. It can be argued in fact that during these early developmental phases, our understanding, and approval or disapproval, of world politics has more to do with those that are in control than it is any independent characteristic that an individual might possess. It is only when our moral consciousness has reached its full potential, therefore, that we can truly understand world politics and stand in judgment of those politics. Bibliography lists 9 sources.
Filename: PPmoralC.wps

Museum of Tolerance
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(5pp) What do you think of these days when you hear the word museum? Probably that it is just a place with old stuff in it, in glass cases, with bad lighting? Right? Not! If that is your concept, then get ready to check out the "Museum of Tolerance," in Los Angeles. One of the consultants suggest that it be geared to a seventeen year old mind and attention span. That can be a good thing and a bad thing -but lets check it out… Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: BBtolmsm.doc

Niccolo Machiavelli's "The Prince"
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An 8 page overview of the views of Niccolo Machiavelli in "Il Principe" ("The Prince") written in the sixteenth century. Machiavelli outlines the tactics which he sees important in a ruler advancing the interest of their states and themselves in the future in a unified Italian state. Emphasizes that while these writings could be defended as indicative of Machiavelli's virtuosity and high morals, however, they are really more indicative of a man for whom the end justified the means regardless of how immoral and condemnable those means may have been. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: PPmachia.wps

Nietzsche and the Question of Morality
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A 10 page examination of the question of the need for man's morality as supported by Nietzsche, a German philosopher most often known for what is perceived as his opposition to morality. Concludes that Nietzsche's work actually supports rather than denounces the need for morality. Bibliography lists seven sources.
Filename: Moral.wps

Nike; Reasons for Overseas Outsourcing;
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This 5 page paper considers why Nike chooses to have the goods it designs and promotes manufactured by external sources, often in third world countries. The paper concentrates on the economic motivations, giving examples of specific cost savings. The bibliography cites 4 sources.
Filename: TEnikeos.wps

No Man is an Island
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A 5 page paper which discusses the quote, "No man is an island," and asks the question "What is the responsibility of an individual when faced with or exposed to injustice?" The paper focuses on particular novels and texts as they apply to this concept. The works discussed are "The Scarlet Letter" by Nathaniel Hawthorne, "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" by Mark Twain, "A Letter from Birmingham Jail" by Martin Luther King, "Civil Disobedience" by Thoreau, "On Being a Cripple" by Nancy Mairs, and "I Will Fight No More Forever" by Chief Joseph. No additional sources cited.
Filename: RAisland.wps

Non-Relative Virtues in Aristotle
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A 5-page paper examining Martha Nussbaum's argument about the relativity of virtues in "Non-Relative Virtues: An Aristotelian Approach." Argues that some Aristotelian virtues are more applicable to this argument than others. Lists 3 sources.
Filename: kharis.wps

Nuclear Colonialism And Environmental Racism
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5 pages in length. In a perfect world, all entities, every race and each person would be represented in the same fair light. However, this is not a perfect world, and people of various races and origins are not given the same fair treatment in virtually every aspect of social, economic, political and racial representation. Historically, the terms "nuclear colonialism" and "environmental racism" have functioned to condemn certain peoples and regions to a cycle of exploitation, an accusation that can be wholly supported by contemporary perpetuation of this ethnic torment. Technological progress has brought significant advancement to mankind in the way of myriad life-altering improvements, however, in order to reap these benefits untold minority populations continue to pay the price with their homelands and their lives. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: TLCenvrc.wps

Nurses & Abortion
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4 pages including sample survey on "Abortion & Nurses : An Ethical Perspective." Discusses both sides of the issue and the decisions which nurses must face. Bibliography lists more than 15 sources.
Filename: Abornurs.wps

Personal Ethics and the Good Life
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A 5 page paper that considers what elements are necessary for determining the "good life" and happiness. By providing numerous examples, the writer supports the belief that morality and personal ethics are necessary elements in achieving internal happiness. Bibliography lists 1 source.
Filename: Goodlife.wps

Plagiarism is Theft
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A 7 page paper which argues that plagiarism is wrong and is actually a form of theft. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: RAplagar.wps

Position Paper Concerning Sexuality and Social Policy/Sexual morality
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(6 pp) Formalized church attendance is at the lowest it has been for the last twenty years. To believe that the formal church can serve the same function it has in the past, is neither complementary to the church community at large, or to those, who are seeking spirituality form other sources. It should definitely be kept in mind that this position paper is not about judgment calls, or judging, rather it is about taking an honest look at where our society "is" in relationship to its own sexuality, and understanding. Much of sexual morality is placed within a structured religious framework. This paper will seek definitions, explore attitudes, and consider options for removing sexual morality from its religious frame, and addressing it on a human morality basis. Bibliography lists 3 sources, including presentation outline.
Filename: BBsexmor.doc

Pro-choice
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A 10 page argumentative paper in which the writer first argues in favor of the pro-choice position, using the principles of utilitarian ethics and natural law. Then the writer examines the opposing side and offers arguments against it. Bibliography lists 10 sources.
Filename: khproch.wps

Proper Use of Scientific Skills
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A 5 page paper expanding on comments contained in the essay 'The Grandiose Claims Of Geneticists.' Sociologist Dorothy Nelkin concludes that 'scientists should restrain their tendency to oversell their work and consider the biases and beliefs that will ultimately shape the uses of a powerful science,' but scientists cannot afford to be too reserved about their work. Many researchers depend on grant money, much of it governmental in origin, for their research, and they have to sell that proposed research to those that ultimately will pay for conducting it. More common than 'overselling' work is the reserved approach to much of it. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: KSnelkin.rtf

Racial and Ethnic Discrimination in Applied Ethics
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A 4 page paper which discusses racial and ethnic discrimination today as they relate to traditional applied ethics. The essays examined are "The Color-Blind Principle" by Bernard Boxill, "Affirmative Action: The Price of Preference" by Shelby Steele, and "Racisms" by Kwane Anthony Appiah. No additional sources cited.
Filename: RAdisceth.wps

Research of Global Importance
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This 5 page paper takes a subject of global importance; sustainable development and proposes a way in which it may be researched. Starting with a literature review, which includes many cases, the paper then considers how the problem may be measured and what polices may improve the current situation. The bibliography cites 9 sources.
Filename: TEenvres.wps

Responsibility
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6 pages in length. Human beings are born with inherent characteristics that set them apart from other members of the animal world; one of the most prominent of these traits is that of responsibility. In a very general sense, maintaining responsibility means to be cognizant of one's actions as they impact those within one's circle of life. This circle, however, does not end with the eye's perception; rather, the circle extends far beyond anyone's immediate vision, much like the ripples of a stream continue forth long past one's gaze. People use responsibility for myriad reasons: to further their good character; to establish reliability; and to tap into their moral being. The dimensions of responsibility are grand and far-reaching, often proving to elude those who do not put forth an honest effort to retain its presence. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: TLCrespo.wps

Selected Points Of The American Medical Association's Code of Conduct
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A 3 page paper examining two points of the AMA's code of ethics. One that recently was discarded is that banning the commercial promotion of medical services by any specific doctor (i.e., advertising). Even without the restriction though, most M.D.'s still choose not to advertise. The other ethical point is that of assisted suicide and some of the reciprocating moves the AMA and Jack Kevorkian have made. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: AMA.wps

Sexual Attraction: Therapist and Client
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A 5 page paper which discusses professional ethics as they involve sexual attraction between a therapist and a client within the therapy relationship. Ethical Guidelines are presented. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: RAsexther.wps

Sexual Harassment Laws Favor Women
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(5 pp) courses. Women wield such power in this "man's world" that with a word, a whimper, no more, they can destroy most men. The power of the female victim in American society is great. By this cause, all men have reason to fear and distrust them. Women use victim power to destroy inconvenient men. Women use blame, guilt and shame to control men. Mothers and teachers encourage men to be vulnerable to this from earliest childhood, and girls rely on the power of the pointed finger to "keep men in line." Thus, they fear shameless men because such men can't be controlled with guilt and blame. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: BBsxhar.doc

Should Assisted Suicide be legalized?
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This 5 page paper considers the social paradigm of the conflict perspective and the manner in which this may be interpreted when looking at whether or not assisted suicide or euthanasia should be allowed. The paper discusses the different perspectives, from Pope John Paul's statement that it is 'slaughter' to the idea of self-determination, allowing death with dignity. The bibliography cites 8 sources.
Filename: TEeuthi2.wps

Should Blood Donors Be Paid?
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This 6 page paper takes the position that paid blood donation should continue to be a reality. The problems with paid blood donation in terms of ethics and safety are duly noted. The myth of the volunteer donor is explored. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: SA007eth.wps

The Arguments For and Against Active Euthanasia
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A 5 page overview of the arguments surround the practice of euthanasia. Suggests that the shoulder of responsibility for this practice should lie with the individual, not with either the proponents or opponents of the practice. Includes a 1/2 page Roman numeral outline. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: PPeutha4.wps

The Benefits and Disadvantages of Computers
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This 5 page paper considers an example of how computers and computer technology has changed our lives and can be seen to have brought both advantages and benefits as well as some accompanied problems. This paper illustrates the use of computers by looking at the technology and programmes in the human genome project. The bibliography cites 5 sources.
Filename: TEcomuse.wps

The Cardinal Virtues and Living a Moral Life
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A 5 page review of the cardinal virtues which are most important in living a moral life. Asserts that these virtues are temperance and justice rather than courage and wisdom for it is temperance and justice that are important in achieving the three critical steps to a moral life. Identifies these steps as the purification which must occur inside, improving the relationships among people, and improving the relationship between man and God. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: PPvirtue.wps

The Challenger Disaster / A Study In Ethics
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An 11 page case study examining the events and findings regarding a booster rocket design flaw in the space shuttle series of which Challenger was part. Roger Boisjoly was a red-flag-waving engineer who was regarded as the country's leading expert in the area, yet his company, Morton Thiolkol, refused to listen to his concerns about the safety of the entire mission. Challenger exploded just after liftoff on January 28, 1986. Boisjoly began to formulate his theories fully one year before. One source cited.
Filename: Chal.wps

The Concept Of Ethical Relativism & Ethical Objectivism
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5 pages in length. There exist a great many philosophies by which people live their lives. These philosophies help maintain order and a sense of direction that otherwise would merely drift in subconscious thought. Two of these fundamental principles are ethical relativism and ethical objectivism, which provide the concepts of how people incorporate ethical occurrences throughout their daily existence. One who has addressed these concepts is John L. Mackie, a philosopher who has brought to bear his interpretation of the argument from relativity and the argument from objectivity. The writer discusses ethical relativism and objectivism as they relate to philosophy. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: Relobj.wps

The Controversies of Abortion
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(10 pp) Most pregnancy based choices are not easy. Whoever came up with the idea that life is not fair, was not joking, but speaking the hard and cold truth. In this discussion we will examine the history and the attitudes of this still controversial issue. Bibliography lists 9 sources.
Filename: BBabrtCR.doc

The Devil Discusses Moral Concepts
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(6 pp). So where were we? Ah that's right you were contemplating believing that you as an individual do not have the right to be morally bound in any way. And what if we said you are right. You intrinsically do have that right. However, what you choose to do as a mature -well - kind-of mature human, is to give up a few of your rights for either the good of society, or yourself , or a combination there of. Can you do it? Or do you even want to try? Bibliography lists 3 sources,
Filename: BBmorlbs.doc

The Equality Of Animals
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A philosophical critique of any given argument must rest on the merits as well as the faults of the presentation of the argument. An argument is only as solid as the logic it is formed on. This 5 page paper asserts that the argument presented in the article, All Animals Are Equal by Peter Singer is not valid inasmuch as he does not present sufficient cause or a logical order to his argument. No additional sources are listed. Endnotes are included.
Filename: KTanirgt.wps

The Ethical Treatment of Prison Inmates.
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(15 pp) The thesis question for this paper: Is the treatment of prison inmates handled in an ethical manner? Areas of medical care, mental health, and death and dying will be examined. Bibliography lists 10 sources.
Filename: BBetpris.doc

The Ethics of Bioengineered Foods
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A 5 page review of the purported advantages and disadvantages of bioengineered foods. Outlines the history of bioengineering and introduces the concept of bioethics. Concludes that bioethics are both shaped by and shape societal perceptions of wrong and right. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: PPbioEnF.wps

The Ethics of Nokia
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This 6 page paper looks to discuss the behaviour of Nokia in achieving and maintaining its position as the market leader in the mobile telephone industry. Different aspects of ethics are discussed and solutions to possible unethical behaviour are suggested. The bibliography cites 10 sources.
Filename: TEnokia1.wps

The Ethics Of The Genetics Revolution
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A 4 page essay on the ethical considerations involved in applying genetic research. The writer details the idealistic and pragmatic considerations in treatment of genetic diseases, the testing for such diseases, and the potentially evil uses which can be made of the technology. No bibliography.
Filename: Generev.wps

The Evaluation of a Research Article on Gossip
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This 5 page paper revues the research methods adopted by a paper on the role of gossip in the socialisation of nurses. The ethical, moral and practical implications are considered and the relevance of the results with regard to the methods used are discussed. The bibliography cites 3 sources.
Filename: TEgosnur.wps

The Idea Of Rights
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10 pages in length. Within the realm of life exists inherent elements to one's existence; paramount to man's existence is the concept of natural rights. Philosophers have long postulated what, exactly, these rights consist of within the massive scope of mortality, with some contending that natural rights are those that are without social infiltration, while others attest to the fact that natural rights are doled out only by social status. From St. Thomas Aquinas in the twelve hundreds to Hugo Grotius in the sixteenth century, the issue of natural rights has evolved from those who both share and oppose specific ideals associated with humanity's intrinsic privilege. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: TLChmrit.wps

The Implications of Animal Experimentation
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This 5 page paper addresses both sides of the controversy concerning testing of animals. Both pro and con arguments are fully examined. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: SA012tes.wps

The Importance Of Faith In Character Development
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In this 20 page paper the writer discusses the importance of character development in today's society. Following an introduction, the writer provides a description of character development, including a definition and the traits assigned to good character. The history of character development and education in the U.S. provides insight into the importance of this aspect of human behavior. Other sections include faith and character development and the principles of character development. Bibliography lists 12 sources.
Filename: PGchdev2.wps

The Issues of Adultery and Divorce: A View of Ethics and Culture
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This 5 page paper provides an analytical view of the issues of adultery and divorce through a comparison of Mexican-American and caucasian families. This paper utilizes the views of Kant regarding the ethics in interpersonal relationships and shapes a view of the application of Kant's perspectives as a component of views of cultural groups, ethics and variations in the view of these social issues. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: MHKantad.wps

The Kohlberg Theory
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5 pages in length. Lawrence Kohlberg postulated, along with myriad other historical ethicists, that morality is not something that human beings are born with, but rather a slow process of learning that lasts throughout one's life. The Kohlberg Theory, adapted from Dewey and Piaget, addresses the fundamental aspects of moral judgment by defining just how a person applies reasoning to moral choice. The writer discusses Kohlberg's theory as it relates to whistleblowing. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: TLCkohlb.wps

The Nature of Good and Evil
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A 7 page research paper that examines numerous philosophical perspectives relative to ethics and moral systems using, primarily, an anthology of essays edited by Christina Sommers, Vice and Virtue. Bibliography lists 13 sources.
Filename: khgdv.ev.wps

The Negative Aspects of Mary Shelley's Science
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This 5 page paper looks at scientific aspects of Shelley's Frankenstein. The debate as to whether or not the science is positive or negative is explored. Tampering with nature is seen as being detrimental. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: SA120Frn.doc

The New American Workplace
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A 5 page analysis of Eileen Appelbaum and Rosemary Batt's book on changes in the American workplace. The writer gives a summation of authors' overall approach, detailing the structure and approach of this text. No additional sources cited.
Filename: 99amwork.wps

The North/South Divide: The Ethics of Withholding Medical Supplies
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This 5 page paper argues that although there are compelling reasons for developed countries to help third world nations, providing them with low cost medications will not alleviate their problems. The challenges of globalization are discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: SA024gap.wps

The Nuremberg Code
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This 9 page report discusses the Nuremberg Code and its ethical basis. The Code has proven to have a significant impact for the past fifty years in regards to how modern medicine and governments view humane medical experimentation. The individual principles of the Code are listed in the report. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: Nurember.wps

The Path of the Sage: Mencius and Chuang Tzu
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(8pp) How are we to attain wisdom? Which way shall we look for it? How will we know it when we see it? Do we have to be moral creatures, how will we know how to do that - the questions of the ages, have not changed that much, possibly it is all in the language or the presentation. We will consider those questions in the works of fourth century Chinese philosopher/sages, Mencius and Chuang Tzu. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: BBmncius.doc

The Philosophical Basis Of Privacy
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16 pages in length. The Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary defines privacy as one's right to freedom from unauthorized intrusion. Clearly, this definition does not reflect contemporary society and the myriad ways in which personal information is readily collected; from medical records to workplace surveillance to personal computers, virtually no one's privacy is protected in today's world. Are people still entitled to their privacy when certain pieces of information might well impact someone else's life? Is there too much personal information ending up in the hands of those persons and agencies who can ultimately do us harm? Or is there a fine line of lost privacy that is inherent to maintaining control in a world whose population is exploding at the seams? Inasmuch as there are more than two sides to this particular controversial topic, one might readily surmise that there could not exist one rectifying solution. Bibliography lists 24 sources.
Filename: TLCprvcy.wps

The Relationship between Population and Development: Comparing Jordan and the Other Countries of the Middle East
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This 4 page paper considers the factors that determine population growth in general, and provides a comparison of population growth in Jordan and the other countries of the Middle East. This paper considers factors like economic development and population aging as they impact the rise in population growth. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: MHJorda4.wps

The Right to Die
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This 7 page paper argues that individuals have the right to die, even if they are not suffering from a terminal illness. United States law pertinent to issues related to suicide are discussed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: SA9Die.wps


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